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At Key Stage 2, learners should be given opportunities to build on the skills, knowledge and understanding acquired during the Foundation Phase. They should develop their skills through the range of Interdependence of organisms, The sustainable Earth and How things work. Learners should be taught to relate their scientific skills, knowledge and understanding to applications of science in everyday life, including current issues. They should be taught to recognise that scientific ideas can be evaluated by means of information gathered from observations and measurements. Teaching should encourage learners to manage their own learning and develop learning and thinking strategies appropriate to their maturity. They should be taught to value others’ views and show responsibility as local citizens.


Activities should foster curiosity and creativity and be interesting, enjoyable, relevant and challenging for the learner. They should enable learners to initiate, explore and share ideas, and extend, refine and apply their skills, knowledge and understanding in new situations. They should allow time for thinking, peer discussion and reflection.